Aristotle

Aristotle (384 BCE–322 BCE) is the Atlas of philosophy who carries the entire Western world upon his shoulders.

The Greek philosopher Aristotle (wiki) is a cultural bellwether; when his ideas (or those like his) dominate, a society blossoms; but when his philosophy is rejected, civilization crumbles. (Read: Kant). 

Everything that makes us civilized, every rational value that we have -- including the discovery of science, the Industrial Revolution, the birth of the United States, even the structure of our language -- is the result of Aristotle's influence. 

The Renaissance (literally re-birth), the Enlightenment, the Dutch Golden Age, but also the Islamic Golden Age were ultimately made possible by the world view of Aristotle.

Aristotle’s emphased good reasoning and the scientific method. For example, in his work in ethics and politics, Aristotle teaches that a moral person is one who cultivates virtues based on reason. Aristotle distinguishes sense perception from reason, which unifies and interprets the sense perceptions and is the source of all knowledge.

Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of forms, which states that properties such as beauty are abstract universal entities that exist independent of the objects themselves. Instead, he argued that forms are intrinsic to the objects and cannot exist apart from them, and so must be studied in relation to them. Aesthetics is an exception to that rule: it is idealized universal form which artists attempt to capture in their work.

Aristotle is often juxtaposed with Plato. But in the current era it is more correct to compare him to Kant. This German philosopher, whose influence in Europe can't possibly be over-estimated, has completely obliterated Aristotelian thinking on the continent. 

This fact is almost unknown to the larger public.

Pomonews will continue to draw attention to these philosophers and their enormous influence on civilization.